¡No se mata la Justicia!*
What is tyranny? Plato defined a tyrant as one having a distorted soul, because rather than loving wisdom and justice, the tyrant seeks public approval and physical pleasure, pursuing them more and more until there is a descent into madness. Can the concept of tyranny extend beyond thepersonal to a cabal, a state, or a country? How has tyranny been expressed throughout the ages in politics, literature, and film? Do we have a moral duty to resist tyranny and, if so, what is an effective way to resist and defeat it?
The course will focus on discussions of the philosophical, psychological, and political aspects of tyranny throughout the ages and its expression in philosophy, politics, literature, art, and film. We will look at effective resistance movements that were created to combat it, includingpersonal and group activity. Materials will include original sources where available, including excerpts from trials, speeches, paintings, poems, films, articles, and books. Readings will be suggested for those interested in doing more research.
*¡No se Mata la Justicia! “You can’t kill justice!” Salvadorean Archbishop Óscar Romero’s reply to a reporter when asked if he was afraid of speaking out against tyranny. Several days later Romero was shot to death while offering mass.
DR. RAI D’HONORÉ is a mediaevalist and linguist. She has taught language, literature, philosophy, politics, film, and history at universities in the U.S. and overseas. Previously Director of the Language Academy and on the faculty of the Medieval & Renaissance Studies at East Carolina University, currently she is President of Occitan Cultural Initiatives. She has also been Director of Creativity Foundation in collaboration with The Smithsonian Associates.