How to Move a Shrub
You Can do This!
I recently fielded a query about
moving a shrub: was this a good time to do so, or would the spring be better? I
responded that either was all right, but that spring might be better. There is
no clear answer among experts, some favoring spring, some fall.
I know from my readings that
scientists have determined trees and shrubs use photosynthesis to create and
store excess carbohydrates in their roots during the summer, and then use them
to extend their roots in the fall. They do this even after leaf drop, only
stopping when the ground freezes. This would lend credence to those who say, “Plant
trees in the fall.”
On the other hand, it is already late
October, so plants moved now have less time to get established than those moved
or planted in the spring. I wouldn’t want my shrub to get pushed up by freezing
and thawing of the soil. The downside to planting in the spring is this: most
of us are not likely to remember to water a new planting every week, and dry
times can damage plants that have not settled in.
These shrubs are too close to each other
Despite all that, I recently moved a
shrub that had gotten too big and was crowding a rhododendron next to it. The
shrub, a pink spirea, had been in the ground about a decade, and was now about
5 feet tall and wide.
My favorite tool for digging up large
plants is a drain spade. This is a shovel with a long, narrow blade – business
end is 16 inches long and just 5 or 6 inches wide. It allows me to get under
the shrub, severing roots and giving me leverage to pry it out of the ground.
This drain spade is great for digging out shrubs
Most shrubs have roots that are in the top 6 to 12 inches of
soil, and this spirea, a tough and tenacious plant, had roots down a full 12
inches, perhaps more. I pushed the blade of the spade in under the shrub at a
45 degree angle, doing this repeatedly as I moved around the plant. I was able
to get my spade under the center of the shrub, and each time I tipped the spade
back, lifting the root ball a little. Eventually I was able to tip the spirea
over onto its side and roll it out of the hole.
I measured the root ball so that I could dig an
appropriate-sized hole in the new location. The root ball was 12 inches from
top to bottom and about 2 feet from side to side – and weighed at least 50
pounds, I would estimate.
Measure the root ball before digging the hole
Whether planting a new tree or shrub or moving one, it is
important to dig a hole just the depth of the root ball, not deeper. The new
hole should be about 3 times the width of it. The reason for a wide hole is to allow
roots to spread more easily and get well established more quickly. In my case I
did not dig a 6-foot wide hole as the soil was not compacted, but loose and
If I had been planting the spirea on a lawn with compacted
soil, I would have loosened the soil in a wider zone. Even so, my hole was 4
feet wide or twice the width of the root ball. I dug a hole with a flat spot 12
inches deep for the roots and with sloping sides.
It is also important to plant a tree or shrub with the same
compass orientation that it had before you bought it. For purchased trees, look
for the least leafy side – that is generally the north side. The trunk of the
north side, if planted facing south, can be sunburned or scalded by the winter
sun. That is less a problem for multi-stemmed shrubs.
I don’t recommend giving fertilizers to trees and shrubs. I
don’t want to force any fast growth, particularly now, nearing winter, and even
a slow-release organic fertilizer will contain nitrogen (which pushes green
growth). I do give my trees some rock powder – Azomite is a brand name of a
bagged mineral powder I use. It contains many micronutrients that may not be in
my soil, but no nitrogen. I added Azomite and some ground granite dust to the
soil before I planted the spirea.
Spirea in its new location
The final touches to this job were to water it well, helping
it to settle in and getting rid of air pockets which can damage roots. Lastly, I
spread a 3-inch deep layer of all-natural ground hemlock bark around the shrub.
This will keep the soil warm longer, allowing my shrub to keep extending its
roots. And I’ll try to remember to water it next summer if we have dry times.
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